Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice (PMGP) is electronic open-access medical journal. It covers such medical disciplines as psychosomatics, psychiatry, medical psychology, psychotherapy, neurology, therapy and general practice Private Publisher "Chaban O. S." en-US Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice 2519-8572 Public and family aspects of diagnosis post-traumatic stress disorder at military personnel after return from combat zone https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/183 <p><strong>Background.</strong> In connection with the challenges of modernity, PTSD is a serious problem of general and especially military psychiatry. The diagnosis of "PTSD" is, in the first place, etiologically determined, but both "developmental and clinical assessment of this condition" have such "non-medical" factors as social and family-associated ones.</p> <p><strong>Method.</strong> The research material is modern publications devoted to the study of socio-psychological, family and social factors that play a role in shaping PTSD and influence the use of this diagnosis when inspecting. The research method is bibliographic-analytical.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> According to North American authors, the number of firefighters who received disabilities due to PTSD increased from 1999 to 2004 by 79.5%, while the disability due to other diseases among them grew by only 12 2%. Social disability policy encourages military personnel to receive psychiatric diagnoses, primarily PTSD. In society, the diagnosis of PTSD is often used to justify criminal behavior. Another problem lies in the fact that another part of the military personnel, on the contrary, hide the symptoms of PTSD, fearing the everyday stigmatization of the “mentally ill” and undermining their careers. In addition to societal factors affecting the use of the PTSD diagnosis, important non-medical factors are family aspects of military personnel. The development of PTSD and its transition to the prolonged form are negatively affected by the absence of military personnel at home for more than six months, the impossibility of remote communication with loved ones during the hostilities, the absence of a family, and family-like, ironically, the presence of children in the family.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> Due to the influence of socially-associated factors, there are certain parts of military personnel involved in the hostilities, one of which is prone to simulating or aggravating the symptoms of PTSD, and the second, on the contrary, is prone to dissimulation of post-stress psychopathological symptoms. Among family factors that should be considered as opportunistic, special attention should be paid to the lack of the possibility of remote communication with relatives during stay in the combat zone, the absence of military personnel at home for more than six months, and the presence of military personnel in their families. To improve the quality of diagnostic and rehabilitation work, it is necessary to conduct a scientifically grounded adaptation of modern foreign psychological tests aimed at diagnosing PTSD and developing specific domestic techniques as soon as possible.</p> Vitalii Omelyanovich Copyright (c) 2019 Vitalii Omelyanovich http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-06-24 2019-06-24 4 1 e0401183 e0401183 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.183 Whether the use of a multidisciplinary approach may increase the adherence and effectiveness of treating patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes? https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/184 <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">Significance and&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">evaluation</span>&nbsp;of the impact of psychosocial factors on the&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">treatment</span>&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">adherence</span>&nbsp;of patients with&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">Diabetes Mellitus type 1 and type 2</span>&nbsp;and the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to improving the efficacy of treatment.</p> Anna Kohut Iryna Frankova Oleksij Potapov Maryna Bobryk Julia Komisarenko Oleh Chaban Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Kohut, Iryna Frankova, Oleksij Potapov, Maryna Bobryk, Julia Komisarenko, Oleh Chaban http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 4 1 e0401184 e0401184 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.184 Neuropsychological examination of patients with epilepsy suffering from cognitive impairment https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/179 <p><strong>Background. </strong>Deviation of cognitive functions is the most common pathology among psychiatric and neurological diseases. Qualitative diagnostics of these deviations at the dodementical stage will improve the cognitive field, which respectively will lead to the preservation of social functioning of patients.</p> <p><strong>Aim.</strong> The study of the current state of the problem of the cognitive impairment, generalization of approaches of using pathopsychological research methods.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>It was carried out the review and theoretical analysis of primary sources and modern scientific approaches of using diagnostic pathopsychological techniques for the purpose of examining cognitive functions.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>.</strong> &nbsp;This publication presents a review of scientific literature of the current state of the problem of cognitive impairment. The principles of the pathopsychological examination of cognitive functions are highlighted. A brief review of the most common tests, scales and pathopsychological methods for the study of cognitive processes is presented, as well as possible causes of false cognitive research results.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>.</strong> Nowadays researchers distinguish different degrees and clinical variants of cognitive impairment. Modern neurocognitive tests are aimed not only to identify symptoms of cognitive decrease and to assess its degree, but also to the study of certain cognitive functional clusters («dementia» and «submention»).</p> Iryna Blazhina Volodymyr Korostiy Copyright (c) 2019 Iryna Blazhina, Volodymyr Korostiy http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 4 1 e0401179 e0401179 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.179 Psychoemotional disorders in patients with rheumatoid arthritis https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/185 <p>This is a conference abstract from the Scientific-practical conference&nbsp;"Psychosomatic medicine: science and practice".&nbsp;Eighty women, patients with RА in the age of from 16 till 60 years (average age 42,4±1,18), with duration of disease from 1 year till 30 years (average duration 8,36±0,79) were surveyed. The borderline mental disorders of patients with RА were investigated. Experimental psychological inspection was carried out with use of techniques: ТАS (Toronto Alexithymia Scale ), BIPQ (Bechterev Institute personal questionnaire), Teilor's Manifest Anxiety&nbsp;Scale.&nbsp;</p> Alla Nikolenko Copyright (c) 2019 Alla Nikolenko http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-11 2019-05-11 4 1 e0401185 e0401185 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.185 Gender features of alcohol use with harmful consequences in mental and physical pathology in family medicine practice https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/182 <p>This is a conference abstract from the Scientific-practical сonference&nbsp;"Psychosomatic medicine: science and practice". It is dedicated to&nbsp;gender features of alcohol use with harmful consequences in mental and physical pathology in family practice.</p> Viktorija Salden' Copyright (c) 2019 Viktorija Salden' http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-11 2019-05-11 4 1 e0401182 e0401182 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.182