Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice (PMGP) is electronic open-access medical journal. It covers such medical disciplines as psychosomatics, psychiatry, medical psychology, psychotherapy, neurology, therapy and general practice Private Publisher "Chaban O. S." en-US Psychosomatic Medicine and General Practice 2519-8572 Whether the use of a multidisciplinary approach may increase the adherence and effectiveness of treating patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes? https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/184 <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">Significance and&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">evaluation</span>&nbsp;of the impact of psychosocial factors on the&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">treatment</span>&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">adherence</span>&nbsp;of patients with&nbsp;<span lang="en-US">Diabetes Mellitus type 1 and type 2</span>&nbsp;and the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to improving the efficacy of treatment.</p> Anna Kohut Iryna Frankova Oleksij Potapov Maryna Bobryk Julia Komisarenko Oleh Chaban Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Kohut, Iryna Frankova, Oleksij Potapov, Maryna Bobryk, Julia Komisarenko, Oleh Chaban http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 4 1 e0401184 e0401184 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.184 Neuropsychological examination of patients with epilepsy suffering from cognitive impairment https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/179 <p><strong>Background. </strong>Deviation of cognitive functions is the most common pathology among psychiatric and neurological diseases. Qualitative diagnostics of these deviations at the dodementical stage will improve the cognitive field, which respectively will lead to the preservation of social functioning of patients.</p> <p><strong>Aim.</strong> The study of the current state of the problem of the cognitive impairment, generalization of approaches of using pathopsychological research methods.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>It was carried out the review and theoretical analysis of primary sources and modern scientific approaches of using diagnostic pathopsychological techniques for the purpose of examining cognitive functions.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>.</strong> &nbsp;This publication presents a review of scientific literature of the current state of the problem of cognitive impairment. The principles of the pathopsychological examination of cognitive functions are highlighted. A brief review of the most common tests, scales and pathopsychological methods for the study of cognitive processes is presented, as well as possible causes of false cognitive research results.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>.</strong> Nowadays researchers distinguish different degrees and clinical variants of cognitive impairment. Modern neurocognitive tests are aimed not only to identify symptoms of cognitive decrease and to assess its degree, but also to the study of certain cognitive functional clusters («dementia» and «submention»).</p> Iryna Blazhina Volodymyr Korostiy Copyright (c) 2019 Iryna Blazhina, Volodymyr Korostiy http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 4 1 e0401179 e0401179 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.179 Psychoemotional disorders in patients with rheumatoid arthritis https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/185 <p>This is a conference abstract from the Scientific-practical conference&nbsp;"Psychosomatic medicine: science and practice".&nbsp;Eighty women, patients with RА in the age of from 16 till 60 years (average age 42,4±1,18), with duration of disease from 1 year till 30 years (average duration 8,36±0,79) were surveyed. The borderline mental disorders of patients with RА were investigated. Experimental psychological inspection was carried out with use of techniques: ТАS (Toronto Alexithymia Scale ), BIPQ (Bechterev Institute personal questionnaire), Teilor's Manifest Anxiety&nbsp;Scale.&nbsp;</p> Alla Nikolenko Copyright (c) 2019 Alla Nikolenko http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-11 2019-05-11 4 1 e0401185 e0401185 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.185 Gender features of alcohol use with harmful consequences in mental and physical pathology in family medicine practice https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/182 <p>This is a conference abstract from the Scientific-practical сonference&nbsp;"Psychosomatic medicine: science and practice". It is dedicated to&nbsp;gender features of alcohol use with harmful consequences in mental and physical pathology in family practice.</p> Viktorija Salden' Copyright (c) 2019 Viktorija Salden' http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-11 2019-05-11 4 1 e0401182 e0401182 10.26766/pmgp.v4i1.182 Social anxiety disorder: relevance and perspectives https://e-medjournal.com/index.php/psp/article/view/103 <p><strong>Background.</strong> Epidemiological studies indicate that social anxiety disorder as one of the most common mental health disorders. However, many patients do not seek or receive help, despite the prevalence of social anxiety disorder, the large amount of information, the possibilities of psychotherapy and medical treatment.</p> <p><strong>Aim.</strong> Generalization of actual knowledge and research on the aetiology and pathogenetic mechanisms of social phobias and coverage of the actual issues of low referral of people suffering from social phobia.</p> <p><strong>Methods.</strong> For review, the following databases, such as ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, PubMed and Google Scholar, were used. The search was performed using the keywords: social anxiety disorder, sociophobia, social anxiety, cognitive-behavioral model, neurobiology, mental health.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The general information about social anxiety disorder, its prevalence and its consequences were covered. The main etiological mechanisms, modern views on the neurobiological and psychological basis of the disorder are considered. In addition, the peculiarities of the clinical picture and its influence on the social functioning of the individual, including the referral of help, were analyzed. The aspects that are useful to consider during the development of recommendations for specialists in general medical practice and centers of public mental health were suggested.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A social anxiety disorder should be considered as a complex mental health disorder. Recognition of signs of social anxiety disorder in their component often leads to a false interpretation of clinical signs as manifestations of depression or other neurotic disorders among primary care professionals. Informing general practitioners and specialists of public mental health centers about the traits of the clinical picture and the social functioning of patients with this disorder can help to overcome the stigma and improve the referral of qualified assistance.</p> Oleksandr Avramchuk Copyright (c) 2018 Oleksandr Avramchuk https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-05-11 2019-05-11 4 1 e0303103 e0303103 10.26766/pmgp.v3i3.103