At present, the vast majority of modern techniques for the diagnosis of post-traumatic states focused not on the classification of ICD (International Classification of Diseases - 10), developed by WHO, but on the DSM (Diagnostic and statistical tools for mental disorders). Recently was published 5th revision of DSM, in which the diagnostic criteria for PTSD significantly changed. In the current global context instead of four clusters of symptoms in previous DSM, DSM-5 also have fifth. It included claster with negative alterations in mood and cognition. These changes were triggered by the views of experts in the field of cognitive-behavioral therapy - basic scientific proven treatment of posttraumatic stress. Scales for assessing PTSD - CAPS-5 (Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5) and PCL-5 (PTSD Checklist for DSM-5) also have changed. Due to the high relevance of timely diagnosis and assessment of PTSD in Ukraine there is a need for translation and adaptation of scales for use in Ukrainian population.
Currently we have translated and adapted these scales provided by the National Center for PTSD in the United States (National Center for PTSD). Reliability and validity CAPS-5 and PCL-5 assessed in the study "The effectiveness of short-term cognitive behavioral therapy for PTSD". According to the pre-processed data reliability (α-Cronbach) and validity similar to those obtained in the US population. Publishing of final results is planned for 2017.
The original scales:
- Weathers, F.W., Litz, B.T., Keane, T.M., Palmieri, P.A., Marx, B.P., & Schnurr, P.P. (2013). The PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Scale available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov.
- Weathers, F.W., Blake, D.D., Schnurr, P.P., Kaloupek, D.G., Marx, B.P., & Keane, T.M. (2013). The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). Interview available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov.
Full-text of the article is available for this locale: Українська.